INR JOURNAL CLUB MEETING REPORTS | 12 March 2022 & 26 March 2022


2nd International Scientific Research Conference, 2023

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Title/Theme: Method of Data Collection

Date: 12/3/2022


Venue: Zoom


The meeting started as the moderator welcomed the journal club members and requested that they register their presence in the chat room. The moderator further introduced the speaker in the person of Mrs.Olwatosin Taiwo Arungwa.



The speaker introduced the topic and gave an outline of the discussion which includes; Definition, Purpose, Classification of Data Collection, Various tools and instruments used for data collection, Data collection in Quantitative Research, and Qualitative Research.


She defined Data collection as a process by which a researcher collects the information needed to answer the research problem, and it should be noted that the task begins after a research problem has been identified and the research design has been decided. Its decision entails;

Which data to collect

How to collect the data

Who will collect the data

When to collect the data

Purpose of data collection: A Researcher may need it for some reasons such as; testing a hypothesis, addressing research questions, describing the sample, controlling confounding variables, interpreting results, etc.

She went ahead to talk about the Classification of data collection where she identified two major ones;

– Primary: Examples include experiments, surveys, interviews, observations, questionnaires, schedules, etc.

– Secondary Data: Examples include Files/records, computer databases, Industry or government reports, etc.

She also gave other classifications of data collection which are;

– Quantitative Approach: Here, data can be precisely measured (age, height, weight, etc).

– Qualitative Approach: which deals with the description.

– Structured Approach: all data collected are the same.

– Semi-structured Approach: This is systematic and follows general procedure but data are not collected in exactly the same way every time.

Furthermore, To select and develop instruments, factors to consider include resources (availability and familiarity). In Pretesting instruments she talked about General and Specific reveals.

Data collection tools were also emphasized which include participatory methods, record and secondary data, surveys, and interviews.


Data collection in Quantitative research (Structured self-report instruments, Structured observation, unstructured observation, and performance tests). An example of each was given. 

She also gave tips for structured self-report instruments, designing, wording questions, preparing response options, formatting an instrument, etc. 

Questions & Answers

Q: What is the difference between open-ended and close-ended questions?

A: Close-ended questions give room for the respondent to choose answers from a list of options while open-ended question does not.

Q: Is reliability what we do in the pilot study?

A: Yes, the pilot study is done to check for the reliability of the questionnaire.

Reporting, INRJC press team member, AJIBOYE CAROLINE. O


 Title: Writing your Manuscript for publication

 Date: 26th March 2022

Time: 10am

 Venue: Zoom


The moderator, Oluwafisayomo Olowu, welcomed everyone to the meeting with a quick introduction of our speaker, Mr. Oluwadamilare Akingbade. The meeting was opened with a note; To believe we can WRITE.



The speaker discussed the pathways before a manuscript can be published after submission to the editor for review, either it will be accepted or rejected.

Likewise, there are various types such as Research, review paper, brief report, commentary, and lots more.


Before writing, one must know the right journal. Findings must be carried out about journal instructions on author, word limit, referencing style, structure, and also their specific focus and scope.

The various factors to consider were discussed including the aim and scope, your targeted audience, the significance of findings, and the type of study the research is about.

With all sincerity, we were told to assess our work with the following evaluations; Its novelty which can be incremental or conceptual, Relevance either geographical or disciplinary, and if it is appealing. If it can not be rated on these criteria then it cannot pass the test for a journal quality metric, the high impact factor (IF).

Also, We were told to avoid predatory journals out of curiosity to submit because there is no proper review and fast publication.

Here are tips to note when writing a manuscript; clarity, precision, depth, accuracy, and fairness.


In conclusion, various sections of a research paper were outlined as;







Questions and Answers

– Question: Do journals have types and if there are, what is the impact factor for starters?

Answer: There are High Impact Factor and Low Impact Factor journals but for starters, 0.8 to 1.0 and above is fine. 

– Question: Clarity on the statement”Some editors will often check if you have referenced articles published in their journals”.

Answer: The editor will see if you have referenced any renowned author who has an article published in their journal in the same field of research, in your own paper.

– Question: How to collaborate with other authors as a student to publish?

Answer: You have to seek the consent of the supervisor, after receiving the permission then you can be the lead researcher collaborating with your supervisor and vice versa. You can also collaborate with others from research groups such as INR.

– Question: Can we say a journal is a set of rules we must follow to publish our research project?

  Answer: Maybe or maybe not. There are always guidelines for submission by editors from a journal that must be followed before publication.

– Question: What is the minimum number of participants needed for journal research to be accepted globally?

  Answer: This depends on the sample size calculation using different well-known formulas and it varies depending on the type of paper research. There is no agreed number for the data sample.

– Question: What are the advantages that young researchers in China have over those in Nigeria?

Answer: Access to the various database with subscribed E-Library.

For access to various grants and funding, there is funding for low-income countries and Africa as well, which young researchers in Nigeria can opt-in for.

Question: Is there a specific type of research field for each journal or all fields?.

Answer: Check each journal’s guidelines to know their scope before submitting.

Further Announcements/ End of meeting

The Class will be continued in the next 2 weeks for the second part of the lecture. To get the recording of the class, a mail can be sent to the INR mail.

Reporting INRJC press team member, Sanda Paul.


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Location of the Conference

ADDRESS: Burlington Hall, 2nd floor, Lagos Chambers of Commerce & Industry (LCCI) Conference Exhibition Centre, 10 Dr. Nurudeen Olowopopo Way,
Besides Japaul House, Alausa, Ikeja, Lagos State.



We’ll be in touch via email for notification and modalities of the event. If you have any questions, don’t hesitate to get in touch.


We acknowledge the submission of your abstract. It’ll undergo peer review, and a response will be given through your email. 

Thank You.


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